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Sphynx Cat

A black and white bicolor Sphynx named Cooper
Image: @sphynxnille, Instagram
Origins
The hairless cats have more than a century of history, can you imagine how old these cats are? Older than many of the cat breeds. A pair of hairless cats was first discovered in Pueblo Indians community and was named the Mexican Hairless according to 1903 book named The Book of the Cat. Even though this breed disappeared, the hairless gene occurred in other cat breeds almost 50 years later in Paris. To say more, the hairless cats popped up all around the world.
It seems that the audience was not yet prepared for the unique cat and it was only in mid 1970s when hairless cats started to gain popularity.
Through the hard work, selective breeding and persistence, breeders succeeded in cultivating the Sphynx we know now. The Sphynx was registered in CFA in 2002.
What’s interesting the Sphynx are not the only hairless cat breed. There are also the Peterbald and the Donskoy cat or the Don Sphynx.

Temperament
The Sphynx cats are attention-seekers, energetic and friendly. They like to climb, jump, run and show their best tricks to everyone everywhere. They are extremely playful and like to interact both with humans and other pets. You will often find them in the middle of everyone’s attention playing and joking around.
As these cats are hairless, they very much depend on warmth of other living beings. Therefore, they bond pretty well with everyone who is willing to cuddle with them. They are not selfish though, they will shower you with love and loyalty.

Physical appearance
Even though the Sphynx cat looks smaller than hairy cats, they are medium- to large-sized cats with long tail and legs. Their tail often curls when they rest or simply sit. Their head is wedge-shaped, they have large ears and round eyes.
Frequently, the Sphynx cats have short, broken or no whiskers at all. Therefore, they should  be kept indoor as whiskers are one of the main things which let them orientate and get acquainted with the environment.
The Sphynx cats also have wrinkles all around their body, especially on their muzzle and behind ears. Additionally, some of the Sphynxes might have hairy patches: on ears, tail, or even have a fine, soft hairy coating all around their body.
Interestingly, cat skin color imitates pattern and coat color which is visible in the Sphynx as well. They can be of any color and pattern available for cats.


Health
You might think that this hairless cat does not need any grooming which is quite the contrary. They require other kind of grooming. Some Sphynxes require monthly bathing others go with a skin bathing with a damp cloth. All these due to the regular body oils secretion. If not bathed, the Sphynx can leave greasy spots on furniture and develop different kinds of skin conditions.
Additionally, these cats require warm environment and sometimes even clothes to keep them warm. This does not mean that sunbathing is a good option for them, they are quite sensitive and might get sunburns pretty easily. They sunburns look like areas of skin with intensified colors which is not always visible from the first glimpse.
They are predisposed to tooth decay and require regular teeth cleaning – once a week. Apart from that, the Sphynx cats are generally healthy cats with a wide gene pool.
Frequently, people look for a hypoallergenic cats and, regrettably, there are no hypoallergenic cats. People might get allergies from proteins in a cat’s saliva. As the Sphynx should be bathed regularly, people with mild allergies can live with them with no issues. The best option would be to live with a Sphynx for several days to have ore or less realistic expectations.

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